XML documents optionally contain a Document Type Definition (DTD), which, among other features, enables the definition of XML entities. It is possible to define an entity by providing a substitution string in the form of a URI. Once the content of the URI is read, it is fed back into the application that is processing the XML. This application may echo back the data (e.g. in an error message), thereby exposing the file contents. (CWE-611)
Hitachi Vantara Pentaho Business Analytics Server versions before 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124, including 8.3.x impacted.
Hitachi Vantara Pentaho Business Analytics Server versions before 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52, including 8.3.x do not correctly protect the Post Analysis service endpoint of the data access plugin against out-of-band XML External Entity Reference.
By submitting an XML file that defines an external entity with a file:// URI, an attacker can cause the processing application to read the contents of a local file. Using URIs with other schemes such as http://, the attacker can force the application to make outgoing requests to servers that the attacker cannot reach directly, which can be used to bypass firewall restrictions or hide the source of attacks such as port scanning.
The defect may be mitigated now by removing the data access plugin from the software installation.
We recommend you upgrade to Hitachi Vantara Pentaho Business Analytics Server version 9.3 (Long Term Support Release) with 184.108.40.206 or newer applied, or the latest 9.4 release with 220.127.116.11 or newer.
Please review the Pentaho End-of-Life policy to ensure you are up to date.
This issue is logged under JIRA PPP-4797